F,D &C Yellow


F,D&C Yellow No. 5, more commonly known as Tartrazine, is synthesized from benzene. Benzene is a simple aromatic hydrocarbon, which serves as the foundational stock in the chemical production of this vibrant dye. The process involves complex chemical reactions that convert benzene into the distinctive lemon-yellow color of Tartrazine.

Also Known As

Tartrazine is widely recognized under several different names, including:

  • E102
  • FD&C Yellow No. 5
  • CI 19140


Tartrazine is predominantly used as a food coloring agent due to its vivid lemon-yellow hue. It finds application in a variety of food products, including candies, soft drinks, chips, and cereals, to enhance their appearance. Beyond the food industry, Tartrazine is also utilized in cosmetics, medications, and certain body care products to impart color.


Tartrazine, a synthetic lemon yellow azo dye, is recognized for its widespread use as a coloring agent in food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical products. Its bright yellow color makes it a popular choice for enhancing the visual appeal of products.

  • Synthetic lemon yellow azo dye used as a coloring agent.
  • Enhances the visual appeal of food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
  • Known for its widespread use and vivid color.

Common Dosage

The common dosage of Tartrazine varies depending on the product it is used in. In food products, the concentration is carefully regulated by food safety authorities to ensure it is within safe limits. It is always advisable to consult specific product guidelines or regulatory standards for precise dosing information.


Tartrazine, or FD&C Yellow No. 5, is a synthetic dye derived from benzene, known for its lemon-yellow color. It is widely used across various industries, especially in food and cosmetics, to enhance product appearance. Despite its benefits, the usage of Tartrazine is regulated due to health considerations.

  • Derived from benzene, offering a vivid lemon-yellow hue.
  • Used extensively in food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals for color enhancement.
  • Regulated usage to ensure consumer safety.

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